It had been 29 years since the office was deactivated. Major General Donald J. Ryder, former Commandant of the U.S. Army Military Police School and commander of the U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC), was appointed to the post. The OPMG had never remained in continuous service, having been dissolved and eliminated at various times in history, yet performed critical functions and served the military and nation in the most critical times.
The first American provost marshal, William
Marony, was appointed by General George Washington on 10 January 1776.
Captain Marony was assigned detachments to serve as provost guard on a
temporary basis. His primary duties were maintaining jails and
supervising executions. Nine men served as provost marshal during the
Revolutionary War, supervising at least 40 executions. In the summer of
1778, many provost marshal duties were transferred to the Marechaussee
Corps, a troop of light dragoons, referred to by General Washington as a
Grand Provost Marshalcy. Yet provost marshals still served until the end
of the war.
Brigadier General Fry oversaw deputy provost marshals in each congressional district. The Provost Marshal General Bureau, which Brigadier General Fry organized, dealt mainly with recruitment and desertion issues, enforcement of the Conscription Act of 1863, and supervision of the Invalid Corps, which contained disabled soldiers performing garrison duties. The Provost Marshal General Bureau was abolished in 1866, but regional provost marshals continued to perform their duties during the reconstruction of the southern states. After the invasion of the Philippine Islands in 1898 and the defeat of the Spanish, the U.S. Army assumed an occupation position. In July 1901, Brigadier General Arthur McArthur was appointed Provost Marshal General of Manila, in addition to his duties as military governor. He established a provost guard brigade for law enforcement in the city and a constabulary in the provinces. But this provost marshal position, like all others, was temporary and was soon replaced with civil authority.
BG James B. Fry was appointed on March 3, 1863 as the Provost Marshal General during the United States Civil War. His office dealt with recruitment and desertion issues. It also supervised the Invalid Corps (renamed the Veterans Reserve Corps), in which disabled solders performed policing duties in prisons, hospitals, and other garrison areas. The position and Provost Marshal Bureau were discontinued in 1866.
BG Marsena Randolph Patrick
Provost Marshal General of the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War, also the top Provost Marshal in the field. His major concerns were order within the ranks, law and order, straggler control, and managing prisoners of war after battles. During the Battle of Gettysburg he commanded approximately 1300 provost troops.
LTG Arthur MacArthur Jr.
LTG Arthur Mac Arthur, Jr. (at the time Brigadier General) was appointed Provost Marshal General of Manila in July 1901 to provide law enforcement in Manila and the provinces. This position was abolished about one year later.
WORLD WAR I
MG Enoch Crowder
MG Enoch Crowder was appointed Provost Marshal General of the Army on July 1917. His position focused on creating and enforcing the Selective Service System. American Expeditionary Force Provost Marshal Generals oversaw military police operations, prisoner of war management, criminal investigations, and battlefield circulation control in Europe. Among the European provost marshals were Hanson E. Ely, William H. Allaire, John C. Groome, and Harry H. Bandholtz. The European component was dissolved in 1919, but the Provost Marshal General remained an advisor to the War Department until 1927.
BG Harry H. Bandholtz
MG Hanson E. Ely
MG Andrew W. Gullion
The Basic Field Manual in 1937 outlined the position when it was reactivated. Andrew W. Gullion was appointed in 1941. Its duties initially were to control enemy aliens but were later expanded to do security clearance investigations and Military Police Command and Control. After 1943 it was responsible for Prisoner of War Camps in the United States as well as Japanese-American relocation camps. Toward the end of the war it began investigating crimes and apprehending deserters and would handle the War Crimes Division of the Judge Advocate General’s Office.
MG Archer L. Lerch MG Edwin P. Parker, Jr. MG William H. Maglin
Brigadier General Blackshear M. Bryan
MG Haydon L. Boatner
MG Haydon L. Boatner was an ex Marine in
charge of the MPs who put down the riots once and for all in the Koje-Do
POW Camps during the Korean War. He was known for his no nonsense method
of command and his colorful language.
MG Ralph J. Butchers
MG Ralph J. Butchers was appointed in 1960 followed by MG Carl C. Turner in 1964, Karl W. Gustafson in 1968 and finally MG Lloyd B. Ramsey in 1970 until the office was abolished in May 20, 1974.
MG Carl C. Turner MG Karl W. Gustafson MG Lloyd B. Ramsey
Served as Provost Marshal General from July 2006 until January 2010. BG Johnson also commanded the 545th MP Company as a young Captain at Fort Hood, Texas in the 1980’s and is a lifetime member of the 545th MP Company Association.
MG David Quantock
Assumed Command September 28, 2011