When the Luzon campaign came to its
official termination on 1 July 1945, the First Cavalry was situated
at Lucena in Tayabas Province, Luzon.
Then, in quick succession, came the news
of the Potsdam Declaration, the dropping of the atomic bombs on
Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Russia’s declaration of war on Japan, and
Japans willingness to surrender unconditionally. On 13 August,
a warning order was received from General MacArthur’s Headquarters
stating that the First Cavalry Division had been selected to
accompany the Supreme Allied Commander into Tokyo and that the honor
of leading that column was reserved for the MP Platoon, 1st Cavalry
Division. Detailed orders followed on 17 August.
At 0800 on 8 September, a history making
convoy left Hara-Machida with Tokyo as its destination. Lead
by General Chase and a veteran from each unit within the division
and escorted by the MP Platoon, they crossed into the city limits of
Tokyo a short time later thereby making another First for the 1st
Cavalry and the MP Platoon – First in Tokyo!
By January 1952, the division, after 18
months of continuous fighting in Korea, rotated along with the 545th
MP Company back to Hokkaido, Japan where they remained on garrison
duty until returning to Korea in 1957.
Click on the below web site to view videos
of the U.S. Army in Post World War II
Army in Post WWII
Japan Newspaper Clippings